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Residential Water Well Maintenance

Water Well
Drinking pure water is a priority for many homeowners who have their own wells. This water is often pumped from deep natural aquifers and is filled with beneficial nutrients.
When tested, well water has been found to be cleaner and safer than municipal water, which is treated with chemicals such as chlorine and fluoride. Water that is pumped from deep within the Earth is naturally filtered without the use of harsh chemicals.
Here are a few things you can do to maintain the purity of the water from your own well.

Use Your Five Senses

When you drink from a residential water well, use your five senses to judge the quality and condition of the water.
Look at the Well Water
The water that is pumped from a water well should be clean and clear. With consistent monitoring, you will be able to recognize any unusual color or cloudiness in the water.
Any anomalies may indicate that the groundwater has been fouled by pathogens, bacteria, or other contaminants. A yellow tint to the water can be caused by iron oxide or bacteria from corroded metal pipes that need to be replaced.
Smell the Well Water
Smell the water from the well each time you drink it. If you detect an unusual odor, it is an indication that the well and the attached pipes leading to your residence need to be inspected, cleaned, and possibly replaced.
Taste the Well Water
When you drink well water, notice if you detect a metallic, bitter, or chemical taste. If you do, test the water with a drinking water analysis kit that can determine the contents, as well as the acidity and alkalinity of the water.
These test kits are available at hardware stores or online.
Feel the Well Water
When drinking well water, roll it around in your mouth to feel for any transparent sand or grit that may be there. To eliminate these ingredients, install a water filter in the well according to the manufacturer's directions.
Listen to the Well Water
When you turn on a water spigot in your residence, listen carefully for sputtering, humming, grinding, or growling noises coming from the water pipes. These sounds can be a sign that air has leaked into the system.
Air can be eliminated by resetting the water pump and bleeding the attached water pipes.

Inspect Exterior Well Components and Pipes

Every six months, inspect the wellhead, surface seals, exterior holding tanks, and well casings to make sure they are not corroded or broken.
Inspect exposed pipes from the well to your residence to check that they are not leaking. Dismantle one or two of the pipe connections to check that the pipes do not contain sediment or corrosion.

Test the Water Pump

Another maintenance task to do every six months is pull up the submersible pump from the base of the water well and test it according to the manufacturer's directions. Reset the pump after testing and turn on the water in your house for a few minutes to eliminate any air or debris in the system.

Research the Local Geographical Terrain

Use an up-to-date topographical map to analyze the natural and manufactured geography of your property and the surrounding terrain.
Determine where surface water collects and soaks into the soil, and route your water well pipes away from these areas.   

Keep a Water Well Log

Document all water well tests and treatments in a chronological maintenance log. Include annual professional inspection reports to track the age and history of your well within the surrounding landscape.
To drill a new water well, maintain or repair an older one, and annually test your well water, contact Brown & Cox. We are licensed water well systems experts and can provide you with high-quality workmanship and customer service.